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Il Laboratorio di Scienze dell’ Antichità

Sezione Informatica per le Lingue Antiche

October 3rd 2014

The Paleography and the Syllabary of the Ebla Cuneiform Texts

Amalia Catagnoti

Since 1974 at Tell Mardikh in Syria -- the ancient Ebla -- many Early-Syrian cuneiform texts belonging to all main textual typologies have been found, with the exception of royal inscriptions. The majority of these texts dates back to the 24th century B.C. and documents the local Semitic language, written according to the conventions of the Semitophone scribes of the royal palace (Palace G). In order to interpret such a large number of documents (approximately 4000 tablets) it has been necessary to recognize the rules that the scribes applied to their language. Therefore, the study of the paleography and of the syllabary is of fundamental importance.

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